|Despite local authorities' efforts for the last five years, many nha vuon or garden houses of Hue are facing the ravages of time.
|According to Tran Thanh, deputy head of the city's culture office, the
Thua Thien - Hue provincial administration in 2006 offered a four-year
project to preserve garden houses.
As part of the project, research was conducted on more than 7,100 garden
houses, including 800 older houses of significant value that should be
"We promoted a plan to restore 150 typical houses which are in danger of
becoming lopsided," he said. "However, only 52 among the houses now
have good quality".
In 2009, the provincial People's Committee decided that each garden
house owner would receive financial support of 100 million VND (5,000
USD) to restore the house.
Residents who invest in building garden house will receive 5 million VND
per house towards buying saplings or seeds for trees. They will also be
granted five-year preferential loans.
In fact, many homeowners who cannot afford to restore their property
from the ravages of time or sell parts to people from other localities
did not receive any financial support to restore the houses as the local
government had promised.
"We often open our houses to the public free of charge without support
from local tourism firms," said Nguyen Ngoc Trinh, homeowner of Phu
Mong-Kim Long tourist site located in Kim Long Commune.
Cultural researcher Nguyen Huu Thong, head of the Vietnam Culture and
Arts Institute's branch in Hue, said that the business of preserving
garden house is urgent.
"Authorities' new policies will prove to be a shot in the arm for preservation and revival efforts," he added.
A typical garden house in Hue has two main parts: nha ruong (house built
with many beams (ruong) and pillars (cot) ) and the surrounding garden,
designed according to geomancy (feng shui) stipulations and their
owners' spiritual orientation.
Another very distinctive feature of nha ruong is that all beams and pillars are joined by mortise and tenons, not nails.
Roofed with brick tiles, the beams and pillars of “nha ruong” are made
of precious, solid wood such as lim (iron wood), gu (sindora) or thong
xanh (teranthera pine). The entire house stands on big pillars placed on
a round or square stone base.
Traditionally, a garden house cannot be sold out of the family in order
to maintain ancestral links. However, rocketing land values have
encouraged some people to sell their land or dissemble their nha ruong.
If this trend continues, a unique feature of the central province will disappear into history and culture books.